IB Mathematics AA HL  Questionbank
Topic 1 All  Number & Algebra
All Questions for Topic 1 (Number & Algebra). Sequences & Series, Exponents & Logs, Binomial Theorem, Counting Principles, Complex Numbers, Proofs, Systems of Equations
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Question 1
[Maximum mark: 4]
Expand $(2x + 1)^4$ in descending powers of $x$ and simplify your answer.
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Question 2
[Maximum mark: 6]
An arithmetic sequence has $u_1= 40$, $u_2 = 32$, $u_3 = 24$.

Find the common difference, $d$. [2]

Find $u_8$. [2]

Find $S_8$. [2]
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Question 3
[Maximum mark: 6]
Jeremy invests $\$8000$ into a savings account that pays an annual interest rate of $5.5$ %, compounded annually.

Write down a formula which calculates that total value of the investment after $n$ years. [2]

Calculate the amount of money in the savings account after:

$1$ year;

$3$ years. [2]


Jeremy wants to use the money to put down a $\$10\hspace{0.15em}000$ deposit on an apartment. Determine if Jeremy will be able to do this within a $5$year timeframe.[2]
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Question 4
[Maximum mark: 6]
Only one of the following four sequences is arithmetic and only one of them is geometric.

State which sequence is arithmetic and find the common difference of the sequence. [2]

State which sequence is geometric and find the common ratio of the sequence.[2]

For the geometric sequence find the exact value of the sixth term. Give your answer as a fraction. [2]
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Question 5
[Maximum mark: 5]
Consider the expansion of $(x3)^8$.

Write down the number of terms in this expansion. [1]

Find the coefficient of the term in $x^6$. [4]
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Question 6
[Maximum mark: 7]
Find the value of each of the following, giving your answer as an integer.

$\log_{10} 100$. [2]

$\log_{10} 50 + \log_{10} 2$. [2]

$\log_{10} 4  \log_{10} 40$. [3]
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Question 7
[Maximum mark: 4]
Prove that the sum of three consecutive positive integers is divisible by $3$.
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Question 8
[Maximum mark: 6]
Only one of the following four sequences is arithmetic and only one of them is geometric.

State which sequence is arithmetic and find the common difference of the sequence. [2]

State which sequence is geometric and find the common ratio of the sequence.[2]

For the geometric sequence find the exact value of the eighth term. Give your answer as a fraction. [2]
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Question 9
[Maximum mark: 6]
Find the value of each of the following, giving your answer as an integer.

$\log_6 6$. [2]

$\log_6 9 + \log_6 4$. [2]

$\log_6 72  \log_6 2$. [2]
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Question 10
[Maximum mark: 4]
Consider two consecutive positive integers, $k$ and $k+1$.
Show that the difference of their squares is equal to the sum of the two integers.
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Question 11
[Maximum mark: 6]
Consider an arithmetic sequence $2,6,10,14,\dots$

Find the common difference, $d$. [2]

Find the $10$th term in the sequence. [2]

Find the sum of the first $10$ terms in the sequence. [2]
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Question 12
[Maximum mark: 6]
The fifth term, $u_5$, of a geometric sequence is $125$. The sixth term, $u_6$, is $156.25$.

Find the common ratio of the sequence. [2]

Find $u_1$, the first term of the sequence. [2]

Calculate the sum of the first $12$ terms of the sequence. [2]
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Question 13
[Maximum mark: 6]
Consider the expansion of $(2x1)^9$.

Write down the number of terms in this expansion. [1]

Find the coefficient of the term in $x^2$. [5]
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Question 14
[Maximum mark: 6]
Hannah buys a car for $\$24\hspace{0.15em}900$. The value of the car depreciates by $16$ % each year.

Find the value of the car after $10$ years. [3]
Patrick buys a car for $\$12\hspace{0.15em}000$. The car depreciates by a fixed percentage each year, and after $6$ years it is worth $\$6200$.
 Find the annual rate of depreciation of the car.
[3]
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Question 15
[Maximum mark: 4]
The product of three consecutive integers is increased by the middle integer.
Prove that the result is a perfect cube.
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Question 16
[Maximum mark: 6]
Consider the infinite geometric sequence $9000$, $7200$, $5760$, $4608$, ...

Find the common ratio. [2]

Find the $25$th term. [2]

Find the exact sum of the infinite sequence. [2]
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Question 17
[Maximum mark: 6]
Consider the infinite geometric sequence $4480$, $3360$, $2520$, $1890,\dots$

Find the common ratio, $r$. [2]

Find the $20$th term. [2]

Find the exact sum of the infinite sequence. [2]
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Question 18
[Maximum mark: 6]
Let $\log_2 a = p$, $\log_2 b = q$, $\log_2 c = r$. Write down the following expressions in terms of $p$, $q$ and $r$.

$\log_2\Big(\dfrac{ab}{c}\Big)$ [2]

$\log_2\Big(\dfrac{a^2c}{b^3}\Big)$ [2]

$\log_a b$ [2]
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Question 19
[Maximum mark: 6]
A $3$D printer builds a set of $49$ Ei$\text{f}$fel Tower Replicas in different sizes. The height of the largest tower in this set is $64$ cm. The heights of successive smaller towers are $95$ % of the preceding larger tower, as shown in the diagram below.

Find the height of the smallest tower in this set. [3]

Find the total height if all $49$ towers were placed one on top of another. [3]
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Question 20
[Maximum mark: 4]
Expand $(2x  3)^4$ in descending powers of $x$ and simplify your answer.
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Question 21
[Maximum mark: 6]
A tennis ball bounces on the ground $n$ times. The heights of the bounces, $h_1, h_2, h_3, \dots,h_n,$ form a geometric sequence. The height that the ball bounces the first time, $h_1$, is $80$ cm, and the second time, $h_2$, is $60$ cm.

Find the value of the common ratio for the sequence. [2]

Find the height that the ball bounces the tenth time, $h_{10}$. [2]

Find the total distance travelled by the ball during the first six bounces (up and down). Give your answer correct to $2$ decimal places. [2]
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Question 22
[Maximum mark: 7]
An arithmetic sequence is given by $3$, $5$, $7,\dots$

Write down the value of the common difference, $d$. [1]

Find

$u_{10}$;

$S_{10}$. [4]


Given that $u_n = 253$, find the value of $n$. [2]
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Question 23
[Maximum mark: 5]
Consider $a = \log_{63}64\times\log_{62}63\times\log_{61}62\times\dots\times\log_{2}3$. Given that $a\in\mathbb{Z}$, find the value of $a$.
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Question 24
[Maximum mark: 7]
Let $p=\ln 2$ and $q = \ln 6$. Write down the following expressions in terms of $p$ and $q$.

$\ln 12$ [2]

$\ln 3$ [2]

$\ln 48$ [3]
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Question 25
[Maximum mark: 6]
The fourth term, $u_4$, of a geometric sequence is $135$. The fifth term, $u_5$, is $81$.

Find the common ratio of the sequence. [2]

Find $u_1$, the first term of the sequence. [2]

Calculate the sum of the first $20$ terms of the sequence. [2]
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Question 26
[Maximum mark: 6]
The fifth term, $u_5$, of an arithmetic sequence is $25$. The eleventh term, $u_{11}$, of the same sequence is $49$.

Find $d$, the common difference of the sequence. [2]

Find $u_1$, the first term of the sequence. [2]

Find $S_{100}$, the sum of the first $100$ terms of the sequence. [2]
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Question 27
[Maximum mark: 6]
The table shows the first four terms of three sequences: $u_n$, $v_n$, and $w_n$.

State which sequence is

arithmetic;

geometric. [2]


Find the sum of the first $50$ terms of the arithmetic sequence. [2]

Find the exact value of the $13$th term of the geometric sequence. [2]
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Question 28
[Maximum mark: 6]
The third term, $u_3$, of an arithmetic sequence is $7$. The common
difference of
the sequence, $d$, is $3$.

Find $u_1$, the first term of the sequence. [2]

Find $u_{60}$, the $60$th term of sequence. [2]
The first and fourth terms of this arithmetic sequence are the first two
terms
of a geometric sequence.
 Calculate the sixth term of the geometric sequence.
[2]
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Question 29
[Maximum mark: 6]
Julia wants to buy a house that requires a deposit of $74\hspace{0.15em}000$ Australian dollars (AUD).
Julia is going to invest an amount of AUD in an account that pays a nominal annual interest rate of $5.5$ %, compounded monthly.

Find the amount of AUD Julia needs to invest to reach $74\hspace{0.15em}000$ AUD after $8$ years. Give your answer correct to the nearest dollar. [3]
Julia's parents offer to add $5000$ AUD to her initial investment from part (a), however, only if she invests her money in a more reliable bank that pays a nominal annual interest rate only of $3.5$ %, compounded quarterly.
 Find the number of years it would take Julia to save the
$74\hspace{0.15em}000$ AUD if she accepts her parents money and
follows their advice. Give your answer correct to the nearest
year. [3]
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Question 30
[Maximum mark: 7]
The first three terms of a geometric sequence are $u_1 = 0.4$, $u_2 = 0.6$, $u_3 = 0.9$.

Find the value of the common ratio, $r$. [2]

Find the sum of the first ten terms in the sequence. [2]

Find the greatest value of $n$ such that $S_n < 650$. [3]
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Question 31
[Maximum mark: 6]
Consider the following sequence of figures.
Figure 1 contains $6$ line segments.

Given that Figure $n$ contains $101$ line segments, show that $n = 20$.[3]

Find the total number of line segments in the first $20$ figures. [3]
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Question 32
[Maximum mark: 6]
On $1$st of January $2021$, Fiona decides to take out a bank loan to purchase a new Tesla electric car. Fiona takes out a loan of $\$P$ with a bank that offers a nominal annual interest rate of $2.6\hspace{0.05em}\%$, compounded monthly.
The size of Fiona's loan at the end of each year follows a geometric sequence with common ratio, $\alpha$.

Find the value of $\alpha$, giving your answer to five significant figures. [3]
The bank lets the size of Fiona's loan increase until it becomes triple the size of the original loan. Once this happens, the bank demands that Fiona pays the entire amount back to close the loan.
 Find the year during which Fiona will need to pay back the
loan. [3]
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Question 33
[Maximum mark: 4]
On the Argand diagram below, the point A represents the complex number $4{\mathrm{\hspace{0.05em}i}\mkern 1mu}$ and the point B represents the complex number $5+{\mathrm{\hspace{0.05em}i}\mkern 1mu}$. The shape ABCD is a square.
Determine the complex number represented by:

the point C; [2]

the point D. [2]
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Question 34
[Maximum mark: 6]
In this question give all answers correct to the nearest whole number.
A population of goats on an island starts at $232$. The population is expected to increase by $15$ % each year.

Find the expected population size after:

$10$ years;

$20$ years. [4]


Find the number of years it will take for the population to reach $15\hspace{0.15em}000$. [2]
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Question 35
[Maximum mark: 6]
The first term of an arithmetic sequence is $24$ and the common difference is $16$.

Find the value of the $62$nd term of the sequence. [2]
The first term of a geometric sequence is $8$. The $4$th term of the geometric sequence is equal to the $13$th term of the arithmetic sequence given above.

Write down an equation using this information. [2]

Calculate the common ratio of the geometric sequence. [2]
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Question 36
[Maximum mark: 6]
In an arithmetic sequence, $u_5 = 24$, $u_{13} = 80$.

Find the common difference. [2]

Find the first term. [2]

Find the sum of the first $20$ terms in the sequence. [2]
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Question 37
[Maximum mark: 6]
In this question give all answers correct to two decimal places.
Mia deposits $4000$ Australian dollars (AUD) into a bank account. The bank pays a nominal annual interest rate of $6$