Subjects

# Sequences & Series

Arithmetic/Geometric, Sigma Notation, Applications, Compound Interest…

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Paper 2

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##### Question 1

calculator

easy

[Maximum mark: 6]

An arithmetic sequence has $u_1= 40$, $u_2 = 32$, $u_3 = 24$.

1. Find the common difference, $d$. 

2. Find $u_8$. 

3. Find $S_8$. 

easy

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##### Question 2

no calculator

easy

[Maximum mark: 6]

Consider an arithmetic sequence $2,6,10,14,\dots$

1. Find the common difference, $d$. 

2. Find the $10$th term in the sequence. 

3. Find the sum of the first $10$ terms in the sequence. 

easy

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##### Question 3

calculator

easy

[Maximum mark: 6]

Only one of the following four sequences is arithmetic and only one of them is geometric.

$\begin{array}{rcccccl} a_n &=& \dfrac{1}{3},\,\dfrac{1}{4},\,\dfrac{1}{5},\,\dfrac{1}{6},\,\dots &\,\hspace{4em}\,& c_n &=& 3,\,1,\,\dfrac{1}{3},\,\dfrac{1}{9},\,\dots \\[12pt] b_n &=& 2.5,\,5,\,7.5,\,10,\,\dots &\,\hspace{4em}\,& d_n &=& 1,\,3,\,6,\,10,\,\dots \end{array}$
1. State which sequence is arithmetic and find the common difference of the sequence. 

2. State which sequence is geometric and find the common ratio of the sequence.

3. For the geometric sequence find the exact value of the sixth term. Give your answer as a fraction. 

easy

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##### Question 4

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easy

[Maximum mark: 6]

Consider the infinite geometric sequence $4480$, $-3360$, $2520$, $-1890,\dots$

1. Find the common ratio, $r$. 

2. Find the $20$th term. 

3. Find the exact sum of the infinite sequence. 

easy

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##### Question 5

calculator

easy

[Maximum mark: 6]

Only one of the following four sequences is arithmetic and only one of them is geometric.

$\begin{array}{rcccccl} a_n &=& 1,\,5,\,10,\,15,\,\dots &\,\hspace{4em}\,& c_n &=& 1.5,\,3,\,4.5,\,6,\,\dots \\[12pt] b_n &=& \dfrac{1}{2},\,\dfrac{2}{3},\,\dfrac{3}{4},\,\dfrac{4}{5},\,\dots &\,\hspace{4em}\,& d_n &=& 2,\,1,\,\dfrac{1}{2},\,\dfrac{1}{4},\,\dots \end{array}$
1. State which sequence is arithmetic and find the common difference of the sequence. 

2. State which sequence is geometric and find the common ratio of the sequence.

3. For the geometric sequence find the exact value of the eighth term. Give your answer as a fraction. 

easy

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##### Question 6

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easy

[Maximum mark: 6]

The table shows the first four terms of three sequences: $u_n$, $v_n$, and $w_n$. 1. State which sequence is

1. arithmetic;

2. geometric. 

2. Find the sum of the first $50$ terms of the arithmetic sequence. 

3. Find the exact value of the $13$th term of the geometric sequence. 

easy

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##### Question 7

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easy

[Maximum mark: 6]

Jeremy invests $\8000$ into a savings account that pays an annual interest rate of $5.5$ %, compounded annually.

1. Write down a formula which calculates that total value of the investment after $n$ years. 

2. Calculate the amount of money in the savings account after:

1. $1$ year;

2. $3$ years. 

3. Jeremy wants to use the money to put down a $\10\hspace{0.15em}000$ deposit on an apartment. Determine if Jeremy will be able to do this within a $5$-year timeframe.

easy

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##### Question 8

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easy

[Maximum mark: 6]

Consider the infinite geometric sequence $9000$, $-7200$, $5760$, $-4608$, ...

1. Find the common ratio. 

2. Find the $25$th term. 

3. Find the exact sum of the infinite sequence. 

easy

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##### Question 9

no calculator

easy

[Maximum mark: 7]

An arithmetic sequence is given by $3$, $5$, $7,\dots$

1. Write down the value of the common difference, $d$. 

2. Find

1. $u_{10}$;

2. $S_{10}$. 

3. Given that $u_n = 253$, find the value of $n$. 

easy

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##### Question 10

no calculator

easy

[Maximum mark: 6]

Consider the following sequence of figures. Figure 1 contains $6$ line segments.

1. Given that Figure $n$ contains $101$ line segments, show that $n = 20$.

2. Find the total number of line segments in the first $20$ figures. 

easy

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##### Question 11

calculator

easy

[Maximum mark: 6]

Hannah buys a car for $\24\hspace{0.15em}900$. The value of the car depreciates by $16$ % each year.

1. Find the value of the car after $10$ years. 

Patrick buys a car for $\12\hspace{0.15em}000$. The car depreciates by a fixed percentage each year, and after $6$ years it is worth $\6200$.

1. Find the annual rate of depreciation of the car. 

easy

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##### Question 12

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easy

[Maximum mark: 6]

A $3$D printer builds a set of $49$ Ei$\text{f}$fel Tower Replicas in different sizes. The height of the largest tower in this set is $64$ cm. The heights of successive smaller towers are $95$ % of the preceding larger tower, as shown in the diagram below. 1. Find the height of the smallest tower in this set. 

2. Find the total height if all $49$ towers were placed one on top of another. 

easy

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##### Question 13

calculator

easy

[Maximum mark: 6]

Julia wants to buy a house that requires a deposit of $74\hspace{0.15em}000$ Australian dollars (AUD).

Julia is going to invest an amount of AUD in an account that pays a nominal annual interest rate of $5.5$ %, compounded monthly.

1. Find the amount of AUD Julia needs to invest to reach $74\hspace{0.15em}000$ AUD after $8$ years. Give your answer correct to the nearest dollar. 

Julia's parents offer to add $5000$ AUD to her initial investment from part (a), however, only if she invests her money in a more reliable bank that pays a nominal annual interest rate only of $3.5$ %, compounded quarterly.

1. Find the number of years it would take Julia to save the $74\hspace{0.15em}000$ AUD if she accepts her parents money and follows their advice. Give your answer correct to the nearest year. 

easy

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##### Question 14

calculator

easy

[Maximum mark: 6]

The fifth term, $u_5$, of a geometric sequence is $125$. The sixth term, $u_6$, is $156.25$.

1. Find the common ratio of the sequence. 

2. Find $u_1$, the first term of the sequence. 

3. Calculate the sum of the first $12$ terms of the sequence. 

easy

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##### Question 15

calculator

easy

[Maximum mark: 6]

In an arithmetic sequence, $u_5 = 24$, $u_{13} = 80$.

1. Find the common difference. 

2. Find the first term. 

3. Find the sum of the first $20$ terms in the sequence. 

easy

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##### Question 16

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easy

[Maximum mark: 6]

In this question give all answers correct to two decimal places.

Mia deposits $4000$ Australian dollars (AUD) into a bank account. The bank pays a nominal annual interest rate of $6$ %, compounded semi-annually.

1. Find the amount of interest that Mia will earn over the next $2.5$ years. 

Ella also deposits AUD into a bank account. Her bank pays a nominal annual $\text{interest}$ rate of $4$ %, compounded monthly. In $2.5$ years, the total amount in Ella's account will be $4000$ AUD.

1. Find the amount that Ella deposits in the bank account. 

easy

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##### Question 17

calculator

easy

[Maximum mark: 5]

Maria invests $\25\hspace{0.15em}000$ into a savings account that pays a nominal annual interest rate of $4.25$%, compounded monthly.

1. Calculate the amount of money in the savings account after $3$ years. 

2. Calculate the number of years it takes for the account to reach $\40\hspace{0.15em}000$. 

easy

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##### Question 18

no calculator

easy

[Maximum mark: 6]

The first three terms of a geometric sequence are $u_1 = 32$, $u_2 = -16$, $u_3 = 8$.

1. Find the value of the common ratio, $r$. 

2. Find $u_6$. 

3. Find $S_{\infty}$. 

easy

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##### Question 19

no calculator

easy

[Maximum mark: 6]

In an arithmetic sequence, $u_4 = 12$, $u_{11} = -9$.

1. Find the common difference. 

2. Find the first term. 

3. Find the sum of the first $11$ terms in the sequence. 

easy

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##### Question 20

calculator

easy

[Maximum mark: 6]

Emily deposits $2000$ Australian dollars (AUD) into a bank account. The bank pays a nominal annual interest rate of $4$ %, compounded monthly.

1. Find the amount of money that Emily will have in her bank account after $5$ years. Give your answer correct to two decimal places. 

Emily will withdraw the money back from her bank account when the amount reaches $3000$ AUD.

1. Find the time, in months, until Emily withdraws the money from her bank account. 

easy

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##### Question 21

calculator

easy

[Maximum mark: 6]

A tennis ball bounces on the ground $n$ times. The heights of the bounces, $h_1, h_2, h_3, \dots,h_n,$ form a geometric sequence. The height that the ball bounces the first time, $h_1$, is $80$ cm, and the second time, $h_2$, is $60$ cm.

1. Find the value of the common ratio for the sequence. 

2. Find the height that the ball bounces the tenth time, $h_{10}$. 

3. Find the total distance travelled by the ball during the first six bounces (up and down). Give your answer correct to $2$ decimal places. 

easy

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##### Question 22

calculator

easy

[Maximum mark: 5]

In an arithmetic sequence, the sum of the 2nd and 6th term is $32$.
Given that the sum of the first six terms is $120$, determine the first term and common difference of the sequence.

easy

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##### Question 23

calculator

easy

[Maximum mark: 6]

Ali bought a car for $\18\hspace{0.15em}000$. The value of the car depreciates by $10.5$ % each year.

1. Find the value of the car at the end of the first year. 

2. Find the value of the car after $4$ years. 

3. Calculate the number of years it will take for the car to be worth exactly half its original value. 

easy

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##### Question 24

calculator

easy

[Maximum mark: 6]

The fourth term, $u_4$, of a geometric sequence is $135$. The fifth term, $u_5$, is $81$.

1. Find the common ratio of the sequence. 

2. Find $u_1$, the first term of the sequence. 

3. Calculate the sum of the first $20$ terms of the sequence. 

easy

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##### Question 25

calculator

easy

[Maximum mark: 5]

An arithmetic sequence has first term $45$ and common difference $-1.5$.

1. Given that the $k$th term of the sequence is zero, find the value of $k$. 

Let $S_n$ denote the sum of the first $n$ terms of the sequence.

1. Find the maximum value of $S_n$. 

easy

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##### Question 26

calculator

easy

[Maximum mark: 6]

The fifth term, $u_5$, of an arithmetic sequence is $25$. The eleventh term, $u_{11}$, of the same sequence is $49$.

1. Find $d$, the common difference of the sequence. 

2. Find $u_1$, the first term of the sequence. 

3. Find $S_{100}$, the sum of the first $100$ terms of the sequence. 

easy

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##### Question 27

calculator

easy

[Maximum mark: 6]

The third term, $u_3$, of an arithmetic sequence is $7$. The common difference of
the sequence, $d$, is $3$.

1. Find $u_1$, the first term of the sequence. 

2. Find $u_{60}$, the $60$th term of sequence. 

The first and fourth terms of this arithmetic sequence are the first two terms
of a geometric sequence.

1. Calculate the sixth term of the geometric sequence. 

easy

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##### Question 28

calculator

easy

[Maximum mark: 6]

Greg has saved $2000$ British pounds (GBP) over the last six months. He decided to deposit his savings in a bank which offers a nominal annual interest rate of $\text{$$8$$\hspace{0.05em}\%}$, compounded monthly, for two years.

1. Calculate the total amount of interest Greg would earn over the two years. Give your answer correct to two decimal places. 

Greg would earn the same amount of interest, compounded semi-annually, for two years if he deposits his savings in a second bank.

1. Calculate the nominal annual interest rate the second bank offers. 

easy

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##### Question 29

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medium

[Maximum mark: 6]

On $1$st of January $2021$, Fiona decides to take out a bank loan to purchase a new Tesla electric car. Fiona takes out a loan of $\P$ with a bank that offers a nominal annual interest rate of $2.6\hspace{0.05em}\%$, compounded monthly.

The size of Fiona's loan at the end of each year follows a geometric sequence with common ratio, $\alpha$.

1. Find the value of $\alpha$, giving your answer to five significant figures. 

The bank lets the size of Fiona's loan increase until it becomes triple the size of the original loan. Once this happens, the bank demands that Fiona pays the entire amount back to close the loan.

1. Find the year during which Fiona will need to pay back the loan. 

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##### Question 30

calculator

medium

[Maximum mark: 6]

The first term of an arithmetic sequence is $24$ and the common difference is $16$.

1. Find the value of the $62$nd term of the sequence. 

The first term of a geometric sequence is $8$. The $4$th term of the geometric sequence is equal to the $13$th term of the arithmetic sequence given above.

1. Write down an equation using this information. 

2. Calculate the common ratio of the geometric sequence. 

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##### Question 31

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medium

[Maximum mark: 6]

The Australian Koala Foundation estimates that there are about $45\hspace{0.15em}000$ koalas left in the wild in $2019$. A year before, in $2018$, the population of koalas was estimated as $50\hspace{0.15em}000$. Assuming the population of koalas continues to decrease by the same percentage each year, find:

1. the exact population of koalas in $2022$; 

2. the number of years it will take for the koala population to reduce to half of its number in $2018$. 

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##### Question 32

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medium

[Maximum mark: 6]

Landmarks are placed along the road from London to Edinburgh and the distance between each landmark is $16.1$ km. The first landmark placed on the road is $124.7$ km from London, and the last landmark is near Edinburgh. The length of the road from London to Edinburgh is $667.1$ km.

1. Find the distance between the fifth landmark and London. 

2. Determine how many landmarks there are along the road. 

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##### Question 33

calculator

medium

[Maximum mark: 6]

On Gary's $50$th birthday, he invests $\P$ in an account that pays a nominal annual interest rate of $5$ %, compounded monthly.

The amount of money in Gary's account at the end of each year follows a geometric sequence with common ratio, $\alpha$.

1. Find the value of $\alpha$, giving your answer to four significant figures. 

Gary makes no further deposits or withdrawals from the account.

1. Find the age Gary will be when the amount of money in his account will be double the amount he invested. 

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##### Question 34

no calculator

medium

[Maximum mark: 6]

The fourth term of an arithmetic sequence is equal to $13$ and the sum of the first $10$ terms is $55$.

1. Find the common difference and the first term. 

2. Determine the greatest value of $n$ such that the $n$th term is positive. 

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##### Question 35

calculator

medium

[Maximum mark: 7]

The first three terms of a geometric sequence are $u_1 = 0.4$, $u_2 = 0.6$, $u_3 = 0.9$.

1. Find the value of the common ratio, $r$. 

2. Find the sum of the first ten terms in the sequence. 

3. Find the greatest value of $n$ such that $S_n < 650$. 

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##### Question 36

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medium

[Maximum mark: 6]

In this question give all answers correct to the nearest whole number.

A population of goats on an island starts at $232$. The population is expected to increase by $15$ % each year.

1. Find the expected population size after:

1. $10$ years;

2. $20$ years. 

2. Find the number of years it will take for the population to reach $15\hspace{0.15em}000$. 

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##### Question 37

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medium

[Maximum mark: 6]

On $1$st of January $2022$, Grace invests $\P$ in an account that pays a nominal annual interest rate of $6$ %, compounded quarterly.

The amount of money in Grace's account at the end of each year follows a geometric sequence with common ratio, $\alpha$.

1. Find the value of $\alpha$, giving your answer to four significant figures. 

Grace makes no further deposits or withdrawals from the account.

1. Find the year in which the amount of money in Grace's account will become triple the amount she invested. 

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##### Question 38

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medium

[Maximum mark: 6]

Jack rides his bike to work each morning. During the first minute, he travels $160$ metres. In each subsequent minute, he travels $80$ % of the distance travelled during the previous minute.

The distance from his home to work is $750$ metres. Jack leaves his house at $8$:$30$ am and must be at work at $8$:$40$ am.